Note: click here for the webpage about Bowling for Columbine.
Click here for webpage on the late ex, Frances Avery Hardy
The Hardys have been providing speedy justice in Arizona since 1871, when an outlaw named Nathaniel Hickman fled justice in Ft. Lyons, Colorado and escaped to Arizona.
Under the alias of Charles W. Hardy, Hickman became a prosperous rancher in Cave Creek. He married Sarah Young, widow of Phoenix's first J.P., James Ansley Young, and later was elected Cave Creek's first Justice of the Peace. Charles Hardy left one clue to his actual identity--a cattle brand with his real initials.
The outlaw jurist Hickman/Hardy held court at the Phoenix Mine, with perhaps a bit of a firm hand: a turn-of-the century doctor writes of a "rancher Hardy," a fast gun who terrified him with recollections of how crime had been dealt with in his time, and it is strange that the State Archives have no returns from that court. Times were dangerous--the Pleasant Valley Range War, which killed dozens, was at its peak (It had been started by the deputy assigned to Hardy's court). Perhaps there was reason to leave the court's proceedings undocumented.
Hardy, or should we say Hickman, died in Yuma in 1913. Eighty years after his death, we found his Civil War pension application--he had served in the 49th Illinois Infantry, from Nashville, Illinois--and discovered that the family name was a criminal alias.
Nathaniel's grandson was my father, Albert David Hardy; born in Yuma in 1919, he was raised in Globe and St. David, and moved to Tucson. He died here December 12, 2001, at the age of 82. Before he died he did write out some memories of his life on the Arizona frontier. Click here for them.
I've practiced law since 1975, first in Arizona, then on a long stint (1982-92) in Washington, D.C.: my work there involved representing the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, largely on Endangered Species Act matters. Tiring of the government, the East, and of making the world safe for the Guamanian Fruit Bat, I returned to solo practice in Tucson. (If you're interested in the Endangered Species Act, click here for my monograph on the subject.
My work now largely focuses on firearms and first and second amendment issues -- rights to free speech and to bear arms. Some of my scribblings can be found on the World Wide Web--
my Supreme Court brief (set your browser to six inch margins for best viewing) in Sheriff Mack v. United States;
a 519-footnote law review article on federal firearms laws, which has been cited by the U.S. Supreme Court and by eleven of the thirteen U.S. Courts of Appeals--The Firearm Owners' Protection Act: A Historical and Legal Perspective, 17 CUMB. L. REV. 585 (1986);
My most detailed writing on the Second Amendment, Armed Citizens, Citizen Armies:Toward a Jurisprudence of the Second Amendment, 9 Harv. J. of Law & Public Policy 559 (1986); and
The article which was the most pleasure to write, as it involved far more thought than research, The Second Amendment and the Historiography of the Bill of Rights,4 J. of Law & Politics 1 (1986).
If you'd like a full list of non-webbed publications, click here.
My research interests also include the Civil War, in particular the 49th Illinois Infantry and the Second Michigan Infantry. For my civil war page, click here.
I've done some scribbling on the 1993 tragedy at Waco, and recently released a book on the Waco incident and the interesting FLIR tapes made there. Try my Waco page. For previews of the book, click here. The Waco matter and homepage did result in a bit of press coverage--click on the following for coverage in the New York Times, and the Arizona Republic. I appeared on Nightline against an FBI spokesman, pulled out written proof of agency perjury.... and a board at FreeRepublic carried the discussion as the show aired. I did okay--the comments note of the FBI representative that "This spokesman is dying...really dying... he's miserable" and "They have that lying FBI negotiator (Gage or Sage) and he is treading water," and "This is devastating stuff." A rough transcript is online: click here.
I've become interested in genealogy since discovering the colorful past of my bushwhacking ancestors: I'd be interested in hearing from anyone linked to the Bartons/ Bogarts/ Corlews/ Phillips of Missouri, who went to California with the Gold Rush. For more on these ancestors, click here. I'm interested in hearing from the descendants of James Ansley Young, b. in Tennessee 1822, who moved from Phoenix to Yuma to California (the descendants, that is: Judge Young himself became a fugitive after shooting a constituent in a street fight in Phoenix) or, of course, the Hickmans of southern Illinois. (Descendants of Bill Hickman, who was in Utah in the 1870's, may also inquire, provided they have a high threshold of embarassment--between seventy killings and twenty wives, he did much to make the west wild!) For my own family tree, beginning with my father, click here. Or take a look at the Civil War careers of the Dutchers and Lamberts of Michigan.
A few of my manuscripts have made neither the web nor print yet (a hint to any publishers). Among these are a civil war novel and a work on the Columbus litigation (Christopher C. had a contract with Ferdinand and Isabella, giving him the rights to between a third and a half the value of any land he discovered. To try to enforce it, he filed a probate claim against Isabella, his son sued Ferdinand for breach and Cortez for "claim jumping," and his descendants engaged in a world-record probate litigation that was tried over a 226-year period).
Oh, yes. For a sample of my warped humor, just try the humor homepage, or my efforts at dealing with the foremost problem facing Western civilization: Barney the Dinosaur.email@example.com
Click here for the photo of the day.